Cornwall is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, within the United Kingdom. The administrative centre, and only city in Cornwall, is Truro.
Historically tin mining was important in the Cornish economy, becoming increasingly significant during the High Middle Ages and expanding greatly during the 19th century when rich copper mines were also in production. In the mid-nineteenth century, however, the tin and copper mines entered a period of decline.
Cornwall is the traditional homeland of the Cornish people and is recognised as one of the Celtic nations, retaining a distinct cultural identity that reflects its history.
Things to do
Around the coastline Cornwall's maritime legacy is never far away where local fishermen land their daily catch of fresh seafood and tall ships, luggers and ketches unfurl their sails in the Cornish breeze. To the north, a sweep of enormous golden sand bays stretches along the coastline often pummelled by giant Atlantic rollers. Long famed for its perfect surfing conditions, the coastline here is a hub for all kinds of extreme sports from coasteering to zapcat racing and scuba diving to rock climbing.
Porth beach, on the outskirts of Newquay, is very popular with families with a large area of flat golden sand that offers safe bathing The 'Hartland' stretch of the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is one of the smallest, running from just above Bude to the North Cornish border with Devon